Professor Graham Bailey


PUBLICATIONS

1. Bailey, G.J., R.J. Moffett, and H. Rishbeth, Solution of the coupled ion and neutral air equations of the mid-latitude ionospheric F2-layer, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 31, 253-270, 1969.

2. Rishbeth, H., R.J. Moffett, and G.J. Bailey, Continuity of air motion in the mid-latitude thermosphere, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 31, 1035-1047, 1969.

3. Bailey, G.J., and R.J. Moffett, Field-aligned ion velocities in the F2-region, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 32, 417-420, 1970.

4. Bailey, G.J., and R.J. Moffett, Atomic nitrogen ions in the F-region, Planet. Space Sci., 20, 616-621, 1972.

5. Bailey, G.J., and R.J. Moffett, The influence of vertical motions on the diurnal variations of temperature and density in the thermosphere, Planet. Space Sci., 20, 1085-1094, 1972.

6. Bailey, G.J., R.J. Moffett, W.B. Hanson, and S. Sanatani, Effects of interhemispheric transport on plasma temperatures at low latitudes, J. Geophys. Res., 78, 5597-5610, 1973.

7. Rishbeth, H., R.J. Moffett, and G.J. Bailey, Vertical diffusion of O and N2 in the thermosphere, Planet. Space Sci., 22, 189-192, 1974.

8. Bailey, G.J., and R.J. Moffett, Temperatures in the polar wind, Planet. Space Sci., 22, 1193-1199, 1974.

9. Moffett, R.J., J.A. Murphy, and G.J. Bailey, Storm-time increases in the ionospheric total electron content, Nature, 253, 330-331, 1975.

10. Swartz, W.E., G.J. Bailey, and R.J. Moffett, Electron heating resulting from interhemispherical transport of photoelectrons, Planet. Space Sci., 23, 589-598, 1975.

11. Bailey, G.J., R.J. Moffett, and W.E. Swartz, Effects of photoelectron heating and interhemisphere transport on day-time plasma temperatures at low latitudes, Planet. Space Sci., 23, 599-610, 1975.

12. Murphy, J.A., G.J. Bailey, and R.J. Moffett, Calculated variations in the H+ content of the plasmasphere, Geophys. J. R. Astr. Soc., 41, 319-325, 1975.

13. Murphy, J.A., G.J. Bailey, and R.J. Moffett, Calculated daily variations of O+ and H+ at mid latitudes - I. Protonospheric replenishment and F-region behaviour at sunspot minimum, J. Atmos Terr. Phys., 38, 351-364, 1976.

14. Bailey, G.J., R.J. Moffett, and J.A. Murphy, A theoretical study of night-time field-aligned O+ and H+ fluxes in a mid-latitude magnetic field tube at equinox under sunspot maximum conditions, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 39, 105-110, 1977.

15. Bailey, G.J., R.J. Moffett, and J.A. Murphy, Relative flow of H+ and O+ ions in the topside ionosphere at mid latitudes, Planet. Space Sci., 25, 967-972, 1977.

16. Bailey, G.J., and R.J. Moffett, Diffusion-thermal effects in the topside of the nocturnal equatorial ionosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 83, 145-150, 1978.

17. Bailey, G.J., R.J. Moffett, and J.A. Murphy, Interhemispheric flow of thermal plasma in a closed magnetic flux tube at mid latitudes under sunspot minimum conditions, Planet. Space Sci., 26, 753-765, 1978.

18. Heelis, R.A., G.J. Bailey, and W.B. Hanson, Ion temperature troughs and interhemispheric transport observed in the equatorial ionosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 83, 3683-3689, 1978.

19. Bailey, G.J., R.J. Moffett, and J.A. Murphy, Calculated daily variations of O+ and H+ at mid latitudes - II. Sunspot maximum results, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 41, 417-429, 1979.

20. Bailey, G.J., R.J. Footitt, and R.J. Moffett, Thermal balance of the mid-latitude F2-region at night, Planet. Space Sci., 27, 1063-1073, 1979.

21. Bailey, G.J., and R.J. Moffett, The topside equatorial ionosphere during daytime: elevated plasma temperatures, the transequatorial O+ breeze and the dynamics of minor ions, Planet. Space Sci., 27, 1075-1085, 1979.

22. Murphy, J.A., G.J. Bailey, and R.J. Moffett, Helium ions in the mid-latitude plasmasphere, Planet. Space Sci., 27, 1441-1449, 1979.

23. Bailey, G.J., The topside ionosphere above Arecibo at equinox during sunspot maximum, Planet. Space Sci., 28, 47-59, 1980.

24. Murphy, J.A., G.J. Bailey, and R.J. Moffett, A theoretical study of the effects of quiet-time electromagnetic drifts on the behaviour of thermal plasma at mid latitudes, J. Geophys. Res., 85, 1979-1986, 1980.

25. Bailey, G.J., and R.A. Heelis, Ion temperature troughs induced by a meridional neutral air wind in the night-time equatorial topside ionosphere, Planet. Space Sci., 28, 895-906, 1980.

26. Bailey, G.J., Numerical studies of coupled time-dependent diffusion equations for the Earth's upper atmosphere: a method employing a self-diffusion coefficient, J. Comp. Phys., 37, 422-440, 1980.

27. Bailey, G.J., R.J. Footitt, and R.J. Moffett, Latitudinal gradients in the electron temperature of the lower F-region at mid to low latitudes, Planet. Space Sci., 29, 171-184, 1981.

28. Quegan, S., G.J. Bailey, and R.J. Moffett, Diffusion coefficients for three major ions in the topside ionosphere, Planet. Space Sci., 29, 851-867, 1981.

29. Poulter, E.M., J.K. Hargreaves, G.J. Bailey, and R.J. Moffett, Electron content modelling: the significance of protonospheric contents, Planet. Space Sci., 29, 869-883, 1981.

30. Poulter, E.M., J.K. Hargreaves, G.J. Bailey, and R.J. Moffett, Satellite beacon measurements of protonspheric fluxes, Planet. Space Sci., 29, 1273-1280, 1981.

31. Poulter, E.M., J.K. Hargreaves, G.J. Bailey, and R.J. Moffett, A modelling study of satellite beacon measurements of protonospheric replenishments, Planet. Space Sci., 29, 1281-1286, 1981.

32. Quegan, S., G.J. Bailey, R.J. Moffett, R.A. Heelis, T.J. Fuller-Rowell, D. Rees, and R.W. Spiro, A theoretical study of the distribution of ionization in the high-latitude ionosphere and the plasmasphere: first results on the mid-latitude trough and the light-ion trough, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 44, 619-640, 1982.

33. Bailey, G.J., J.F. Vickrey, and W.E. Swartz, The topside ionosphere above Arecibo during summer at sunspot minimum and the influence of an interhemispheric flow of thermal protons, J. Geophys. Res., 87, 7557-7567, 1982.

34. Sethia, G.C., G.J. Bailey, R.J. Moffett, and J.K. Hargreaves, The effects of neutral air winds on the electron content of the mid-latitude ionosphere and protonosphere in summer, Planet. Space Sci., 31, 377-388, 1983.

35. Bailey, G.J., The effects of a meridional ExB drift on the thermal plasma at L=1.4, Planet. Space Sci., 31, 389-410, 1983.

36. Footitt, R.J., G.J. Bailey, and R.J. Moffett, Ion transport in the mid-latitude F1-region, Planet. Space Sci., 31, 671-687, 1983.

37. Fuller-Rowell, T.J., D. Rees, S. Quegan, G.J. Bailey, and R.J. Moffett, The effect of realistic conductivities on the high-latitude neutral thermospheric circulation, Planet. Space Sci., 32, 469-480, 1984.

38. Poulter, E.M., M.K. Andrews, G.J. Bailey, and R.J. Moffett, Radial plasma drifts deduced from VLF whistler mode signals: a modelling study, Planet. Space Sci., 32, 525-533, 1984.

39. Sethia, G.C., G.J. Bailey, R.J. Moffett, and J.K. Hargreaves, A modelling study of the effects of neutral air winds on electron content at mid latitudes in winter, Planet. Space Sci., 32, 535-542, 1984.

40. Poulter, E.M., W. Allan, G.J. Bailey, and R.J. Moffett, On the diurnal period variation of mid-latitude ULF pulsations, Planet. Space Sci., 32, 727-734, 1984.

41. Quegan, S., G.J. Bailey, and R.J. Moffett, Regions of He+ dominance in the high-latitude topside ionosphere, Planet. Space Sci., 32, 791-802, 1984.

42. Murphy, J.A., A.A. Naghmoosh, G.J. Bailey and R.J. Moffett, A theoretical study of the time-dependent behaviour of O++ in the mid-latitude plasmasphere, Planet. Space Sci., 32, 1591-1603, 1984.

43. Sethia, G.C., G.J. Bailey, R.J. Moffett, and J.K. Hargreaves, Mid-latitude electron content modelling: the role of interhemispheric coupling, Planet. Space Sci., 33, 321-332, 1985.

44. Quegan, S., G.J. Bailey, R.J. Moffett, and L.C. Wilkinson, Universal time effects on plasma convection in the geomagnetic frame, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 48, 25-40, 1986.

45. Allen, B.T., G.J. Bailey, and R.J. Moffett, Ion distributions in the high-latitude topside ionosphere, Ann. Geophysicae, 4, 97-106, 1986.

46. Bailey, G.J., R.J. Moffett, P.A. Simmons, and R.J. Footitt, A modelling study of the post-sunset formation of plasma temperature troughs in the equatorial topside ionosphere, Ann. Geophysicae, 4, 113-130, 1986.

47. Moffett, R.J., G.J. Bailey, and P.A. Simmons, Field-aligned plasmaspheric flows at moderate latitudes, Adv. Space Res., 6, 153-156, 1986.

48. Bailey, G.J., P.A. Simmons, and R.J. Moffett, Topside and interhemispheric ion flows in the mid-latitude plasmasphere, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 49, 503-519, 1987.

49. Bailey, G.J., P.A. Simmons, and R.J. Moffett, A theoretical study of the relationship between electron temperature and electron concentration in the daytime mid- to low-latitude F-layer, Planet. Space Sci., 35, 887-901, 1987.

50. Fuller-Rowell, T.J., D. Rees, S. Quegan, R.J. Moffett, and G.J. Bailey, Interactions between neutral thermospheric composition and the polar ionosphere, using a coupled ionosphere-thermosphere model, J. Geophys. Res., 92, 7744-7748 and 7775-7777, 1987.

51. Rees, D., T.J. Fuller-Rowell, S. Quegan, R.J. Moffett, and G.J. Bailey, Thermospheric dynamics: understanding the unusual disturbances by means of simulations with a fully-coupled global thermosphere high-latitude ionosphere model, Ann. Geophysicae., 5, 303-328, 1987.

52. Poulter, E.M., W. Allan, and G.J. Bailey, ULF pulsation eigenperiods within the plasmasphere, Planet. Space Sci., 36, 185-196, 1988.

53. Fuller-Rowell, T.J., D. Rees, S. Quegan, R.J. Moffett, and G.J. Bailey, Simulations of the seasonal and universal time variations of the high-latitude thermosphere and ionosphere using a coupled, three-dimensional, model, PAGEOPH, 127, 189-217, 1988.

54. Rees, D., T.J. Fuller-Rowell, S. Quegan, R.J. Moffett, and G.J. Bailey, Simulations of the seasonal variations of the thermosphere and ionosphere using a coupled, three-dimensional, global model, including variations of the interplanetary magnetic field, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 50, 903-930, 1988.

55. Moffett, R.J., G.J. Bailey, S. Quegan, Y. Rippeth, A.M. Samson, and R. Sellek, Modelling the ionospheric and plasmaspheric plasma, Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. Lond., A328, 255-270, 1989.

56. Bailey, G.J., and R. Sellek, A mathematical model of the Earth's plasmasphere and its application in a study of He+ at L=3, Ann. Geophysicae., 8, 171-190, 1990.

57. Moffett, R.J., R. Sellek, and G.J. Bailey, The influence of O+-O collision frequency on ionospheric F-region behaviour, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 52, 125-132, 1990.

58. Poulter, E.M., W. Allan, and G.J. Bailey, The effect of density inhomogeneity on standing Alfvén wave structure, Planet. Space Sci., 38, 665-673, 1990.

59. Heelis, R.A., W.B. Hanson, and G.J. Bailey, Distributions of He+ at mid and equatorial latitudes during solar maximum, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 10,313-10,320, 1990.

60. Balan, N., G.J. Bailey, and R. Balachandran Nair, Solar and magnetic activity effects on the latitudinal variations of nighttime TEC enhancement, Ann. Geophysicae, 9, 60-69, 1991.

61. Moffett, R.J., R. Sellek, and G.J. Bailey, The behaviour of H+ and He+ ions in the topside ionosphere during a short-lived subauroral ion drift, Planet. Space Sci., 39, 1209-1216, 1991.

62. Rippeth, Y., R.J. Moffett, and G.J. Bailey, Model plasmasphere calculations for L-values near 2.5 at the longitude of Argentine Islands, Antarctica, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 53, 551-555, 1991.

63. Sellek, R., G.J. Bailey, R.J. Moffett, R.A. Heelis, and P.C. Anderson, Effects of large zonal plasma drifts on the subauroral ionosphere, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 53, 557-565, 1991.

64. Bailey, G.J., R. Sellek, and N. Balan, The effect of interhemispheric coupling on nighttime enhancements in ionospheric total electron content during winter at solar minimum, Ann. Geophysicae, 9, 738-747, 1991.

65. Moffett, R.J., R.A. Heelis, R. Sellek, and G.J. Bailey, The temporal evolution of the ionospheric signatures of subauroral ion drifts, Planet. Space Sci., 40, 663-670, 1992.

66. Balachandran Nair, R., N. Balan, G.J. Bailey, and P.B. Rao, Spectra of the AC electric fields in the postsunset F-region at the magnetic equator, Planet. Space Sci., 40, 655-662, 1992.

67. Bailey, G.J., and R. Sellek, Field-aligned flows of H+ and He+ in the mid-latitude topside ionosphere at solar maximum, Planet. Space Sci., 40, 751-762, 1992.

68. Balan, N., B. Jayachandran, R. Balachandran Nair, S.P. Namboothiri, G.J. Bailey, and P.B. Rao, HF Doppler observations of vector plasma drifts in the evening F-region at the magnetic equator, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 54, 1545-1554, 1992.

69. Moffett, R.J., G.J. Bailey, and B. Jenkins, Effects of greatly increased O+ loss in the ionospheric F-region, Planet. Space Sci., 40, 1631-1637, 1992.

70. Sellek, R., R.J. Moffett, and G.J. Bailey, Effects of rapid zonal plasma flow in the mid-latitude ionosphere: modulation of the field-aligned plasma flow by neutral air upwelling, Adv. Space Res., 12, 171-174, 1992.

71. Balan, N., and G.J. Bailey, Latitudinal variations of nighttime enhancements in TEC: solar and magnetic activity effects, Adv. Space Res., 12, 219-222, 1992.

72. Bailey, G.J., R. Sellek, and N. Balan, Nighttime enhancements in TEC during winter at solar minimum: the effect of the conjugate hemisphere, Adv. Space Res., 12, 309-312, 1992.

73. Rippeth, Y., R.J. Moffett, and G.J. Bailey, Seasonal and longitudinal effects on plasmaspheric tube content, Adv. Space Res., 12, 179-182, 1992.

74. Balan, N., G.J. Bailey, and B. Jayachandran, Ionospheric evidence for a non-linear relationship between the solar EUV and 10.7-cm fluxes during an intense solar cycle, Planet. Space Sci., 41, 141-145, 1993.

75. Crain, D.J., R.A. Heelis, and G.J. Bailey, Effects of electrical coupling on equatorial ionospheric plasma motions - When is the F-region a dominant driver in the low-latitude dynamo?, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 6033-6037, 1993.

76. Crain, D.J., R.A. Heelis, G.J. Bailey, and A.D. Richmond, Low latitude plasma drifts from a simulation of the global atmospheric dynamo, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 6039-6046, 1993.

77. Bailey, G.J., R. Sellek, and Y. Rippeth, A modelling study of the equatorial topside ionosphere, Ann. Geophysicae, 11, 263-272, 1993.

78. Jayachandran, B., N. Balan, P.B. Rao, J.H. Sastri, and G.J. Bailey, HF doppler and ionosonde observations on the onset conditions of equatorial spread F, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 13,741-13,750, 1993.

79. Heelis, R.A., G.J. Bailey, R. Sellek, R.J. Moffett, and B. Jenkins, Field-aligned drifts in subauroral ion drift events, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 21,493-21,499, 1993.

80. Moffett, R.J., B. Jenkins, and G.J. Bailey, A modelling study of anistotropic ion temperatures generated in the F-layer by subauroral ion drifts, Ann. Geophysicae., 11, 1051-1063, 1993.

81. Balan, N., G.J. Bailey, R. Balachandran Nair, and J.E. Titheridge, Nighttime enhancements in ionospheric electron content in the northern and southern hemispheres, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 56, 67-79, 1994.

82. Rees, D., S. Quegan, R.J. Moffett, G.J. Bailey, and T.J. Fuller-Rowell, Simulations of the behaviour of the polar thermosphere and ionosphere for northward IMF, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 56, 297-318, 1994.

83. Balan, N., G.J. Bailey, B. Jenkins, P.B. Rao, and R.J. Moffett, Variations of ionospheric ionization and related solar fluxes during an intense solar cycle, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 2243-2253, 1994.

84. Balmforth, H.F., R.J. Moffett, A.J. Smith, and G.J. Bailey, The effect of disturbed time electric fields on the inner plasmasphere, Ann. Geophysicae., 12, 296-303, 1994.

85. Su, Y.Z., G.J. Bailey, and N. Balan, Night-time enhancements in TEC at equatorial anomaly latitudes, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 56, 1619-1628, 1994.

86. Osterman, G.B., R.A. Heelis, and G.J. Bailey, Modeling the formation of intermediate layers at Arecibo latitudes, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 11,357-11,365, 1994.

87. Balan, N., G.J.Bailey, and R.J. Moffett, Modeling studies of ionospheric variations during an intense solar cycle, J. Geophys. Res., 99, 17,467-17,475, 1994.

88. Su, Y.Z., G.J. Bailey, and N. Balan, Modelling studies of the longitudinal effects on the variations of TEC at equatorial anomaly latitudes, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 57, 433-442, 1995.

89. Balan, N., G.J. Bailey, R.J. Moffett, Y.Z. Su, and J.E. Titheridge, Modelling studies of the conjugate-hemisphere differences in ionospheric ionization at equatorial anomaly latitudes, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 57, 279-292, 1995.

90. Balan, N., G.J. Bailey, and J.E. Titheridge, Modelling studies of north-south differences in the ionosphere at mid latitudes, Adv. Space Res., 16, 99-102, 1995.

91. Osterman, G.B., R.A. Heelis, and G.J. Bailey, The effects of zonal winds and metallic ions on the behavior of intermediate layers, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 7829-7838, 1995.

92. Su, Y.Z., K.I. Oyama, G.J. Bailey, T. Takahashi, and S. Watanabe, Comparison of satellite electron density and temperature measurements at low latitudes with a plasmasphere-ionosphere model, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 14,591-14,604, 1995.

93. Balan, N., and G.J. Bailey, The equatorial plasma fountain and its effects - possibility of an additional layer, J. Geophys. Res., 100, 21,421-21,432, 1995.

94. Ennis, A.E., G.J. Bailey, and R.J. Moffett, Vibrational nitrogen concentration in the ionosphere and its dependence on season and solar cycle, Ann. Geophysicae., 13, 1164-1171, 1995.

95. Venugopal, C., S. Antony, N.P. Shibu George, G. Renuka, and G.J. Bailey, Electromagnetic cyclotron instability in an ALC plasma, Adv. Space Res., 17, 245-248, 1996.

96. Balan, N., G.J. Bailey, and Y.Z. Su, Variations of the ionosphere and related solar fluxes during solar cycles 21 and 22, Adv. Space Res., 18, 11-14, 1996.

97. Balan, N., and G.J. Bailey, Modeling studies of equatorial plasma fountain and equatorial anomaly, Adv. Space Res., 18, 107-116, 1996.

98. Bailey, G.J., and N. Balan, Some modelling studies of the equatorial ionosphere using the Sheffield University plasmasphere ionosphere model, Adv. Space Res., 18, 59-68, 1996.

99. Balan, N., G.J. Bailey, K.S.V. Subbaro, M.A. Abdu, and P.B. Rao, Model comparisons of equatorial plasma fountain and equatorial anomaly at three locations, Adv. Space Res., 18, 69-78, 1996.

100. Su, Y.Z., K. I. Oyama, G.J. Bailey, T. Takahashi, and S. Watanabe, Spatial and temporal variations of the electron temperature at equatorial anomaly latitudes, Adv. Space Res., 18, 83-86, 1996.

101. Paula, E.R., J.R. de Souza, M.A. Abdu, G.J. Bailey, I.S. Bastista, J.A. Bittencourt, and E. Bonelli, Ionospheric electron content over Brazilian low latitudes and its comparison with the IRI and Sheffield model, Adv. Space Res., 18, 245-248, 1996.

102. Batista, I.S., R.T. de Medeiros, M.A. Abdu, J.R. de Souza, G.J. Bailey, and E.R. Paula, Equatorial ionospheric vertical plasma drift model over the Brazilian region, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 10,887-10,892, 1996.

103. Crickmore, R.I., B. Jenkins, and G.J. Bailey, Variations in the altitude of the F2 peak associated with trough-formation processes, Ann. Geophysicae., 14, 628-636, 1996.

104. Balan, N., K.I. Oyama, G.J. Bailey, and T. Abe, Plasmasphere electron temperature studies using satellite observations and a theoretical model, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 15,323-15,330, 1996.

105. Su, Y.Z., K.-I. Oyama, G.J. Bailey, T. Takahashi, and H. Oya, Longitudinal variations of the topside ionosphere at low latitudes: Satellite and mathematical modelings, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 17,191-17,205, 1996.

106. Oyama, K.-I., N. Balan, S. Watanabe, T. Takahashi, F. Isoda, G.J. Bailey, and H. Oya, Morning overshoot of Te enhanced by downward plasma drift in the equatorial topside ionosphere, J. Geomag. Geoelectr., 48, 959-966, 1996.

107. Bailey, G.J., and N. Balan, A low-latitude ionosphere-plasmasphere model, STEP Handbook on Ionospheric Models, ed.R.W. Schunk, Utah State University, 173-206, 1996.

108. Balan, N., K.-I. Oyama, G.J. Bailey, and T. Abe, Plasmasphere electron temperature profiles and the effects of photoelectron trapping and an equatorial high-altitude heat source, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 21,689-21,696, 1996.

109. Su, Y.Z., S. Fukao, and G.J. Bailey, Modeling studies of the middle and upper atmosphere radar observations of the ionospheric F-layer, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 319-327, 1997.

110. Oyama, K.-I., M.A. Abdu, N. Balan, G.J. Bailey, S. Watanabe, T. Takahashi, E.R. Paula, I.S. Batista, F. Isoda, and H. Oya, High electron temperature associated with the prereversal enhancement in the equatorial ionosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 417-424, 1997.

111. Balan, N., G.J. Bailey, M.A. Abdu, K.-I. Oyama, P.G. Richards, J. MacDougall, and I.S. Batista, Equatorial plasma fountain and its effects over three locations: evidence for an additional layer, the F3 layer, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 2047-2056, 1997.

112. Wells, G.D., A.S. Rodger, R.J. Moffett, G.J. Bailey, and T.J. Fuller-Rowell, The effects of nitric oxide cooling and the photodissociation of molecular oxygen on the thermosphere/ionosphere system over the Argentine Islands, Ann. Geophysicae, 15, 355-365, 1997.

113. Su, Y.Z., G.J. Bailey, K.-I. Oyama, and N. Balan, A modelling study of the longitudinal variations in the north-south asymmetries of the ionospheric equatorial anomaly, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 59, 1299-1310, 1997.

114. Balan, N., K.-I. Oyama, G.J. Bailey, S. Watanabe, S. Fukao, and M.A. Abdu, A plasma temperature anomaly in the equatorial topside ionosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 7485-7492, 1997.

115. Jenkins, B., G.J. Bailey, M.A. Abdu, I.S. Batista, and N. Balan, Observations and model calculations of an additional layer in the topside ionosphere above Fortaleza, Brazil, Ann. Geophysicae, 15, 753-759, 1997.

116. Bailey, G.J., Y.Z. Su, and N. Balan, The Sheffield University plasmasphere ionosphere model - a review, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 59, 1541-1552, 1997.

117. Abe, T., N. Balan, K.-I. Oyama, and G.J. Bailey, Plasmasphere electron temperature - observations and theory, Adv. Space Res., 20, 401-405, 1997.

118. Jenkins, B., G.J. Bailey, A.E. Ennis, and R.J. Moffett, The effect of vibrationally excited nitrogen on the low-latitude ionosphere, Ann. Geophysicae, 15, 1422-1428, 1997.

119. Osterman, G.B., R.A. Heelis, and G.J. Bailey, Effects of wind-induced ionization layers on ionospheric electrodynamics, J. Atmos. Solar Terr. Phys., 60, 107-113, 1998.

120. Moffett, R.J., A.E. Ennis, G.J. Bailey, R.A. Heelis, and L.H. Brace, Electron temperatures during sub-auroral ion drift events, Ann. Geophysicae, 16, 450-459, 1998.

121. Balan, N., Y. Otsuka, G.J. Bailey, and S. Fukao, Equinoctial asymmetries in the ionosphere and thermosphere observed by the MU radar, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 9481-9495, 1998.

122. Su, Y.Z., G.J. Bailey, and K.-I. Oyama, Annual and seasonal variations in the low-latitude topside ionosphere, Ann. Geophysicae, 16, 974-985, 1998.

123. Otsuka, Y., S. Kawamura, N. Balan, S. Fukao, and G.J. Bailey, Plasma temperature variations in the ionosphere over the middle and upper atmosphere radar, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 20,705-20,713, 1998.

124. Balan, N., I.S. Batista, M.A. Abdu, J. MacDougall, and G.J. Bailey, Physical mechanism and statistics of occurrence of an additional layer in the equatorial ionosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 29,169-29,181, 1998.

125. MacPherson, B., S.A. González, G.J. Bailey, R.J. Moffett, and M.P. Sulzer, The effects of meridional neutral winds on the O+ - H+ transition altitude over Arecibo, J. Geophys. Res., 103, 29,183-29,198, 1998.

126. Price, I.A., C.L. Waters, F W. Menk, and G.J. Bailey, A technique to investigate plasma mass density in the topside ionosphere using ULF waves, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 12,723-12,732, 1999.

127. Su, Y.Z., G.J. Bailey, and S. Fukao, Altitude dependencies in the solar activity variations of the ionospheric electron density, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 14,879-14,891, 1999.

128. Denton, M.H., G.J. Bailey, Y.Z. Su, K.-I. Oyama, and T. Abe, High alititude observations of electron temperature and a possible north-south asymmetry, J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys., 61, 775-788, 1999.

129. Lunt, N., L. Kersley, and G.J. Bailey, The influence of the protonosphere on GPS observations: simulations using the SUPIM model, Radio Sci., 34, 725-732, 1999.

130. Lunt, N., L. Kersley, G.J. Bishop, A.J. Mazzella, and G.J. Bailey, The effect of the protonosphere on the estimation of GPS TEC: validation using model simulations, Radio Sci., 34, 1261-1271, 1999.

131. Lunt, N., L. Kersley, G.J. Bishop, A.J. Mazzella, and G.J. Bailey, The protonospheric contribution to GPS TEC: two-station measurements, Radio Sci., 34, 1281-1285, 1999.

132. Balan, N., I.S. Batista, M.A. Abdu, J.H.A. Sobral, J. MacDougall, and G.J. Bailey, Occurrence of an additional layer in the ionosphere over Fortaleza, Adv. Space Res., 24, 1481-1484, 1999.

133. Souza, J.R., G.J. Bailey, M.A. Abdu, and I.S. Batista, Ionospheric modelling at low latitudes over Brazil during summer solar minimum, Adv. Space Res., 25, 133-138, 2000.

134. Balan, N., I.S. Batista, M.A. Abdu, G.J. Bailey, S. Watanabe, J. MacDougall, and J.H.A. Sobral, Variability of an additional layer in the equatorial ionosphere over Fortaleza, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 10,603-10,613, 2000.

135. Souza, J.R., M.A. Abdu, I.S. Batista, and G.J. Bailey, Determination of vertical plasma drift and meridional wind using the Sheffield University Plasmasphere ionosphere Model and ionospheric data at equatorial and low latitudes in Brazil: summer solar minimum and maximum conditions, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 12,813-12,821, 2000.

136. Balan, N., Y. Otsuka, S. Fukao, M.A. Abdu, and G.J. Bailey, Annual variations of the ionosphere: a review based on MU radar observations, Adv. Space Res., 25, 153-162, 2000.

137. Bailey, G.J., Y.Z. Su, and K.I. Oyama, Yearly variations in the low-latitude topside ionosphere, Ann. Geophysicae, 18, 789-798, 2000.

138. MacPherson, B., S.A. González, X. Pi, M. Kelley, G.J. Bailey, M.P. Sulzer, G. Hajj, M. Buonsanto, and C. Wang, Comparison between SUPIM simulations and measured TEC for the January 1997 storm, Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 2845-2848, 2000.

139. MacPherson, B., S.A. González, M.P. Sulzer, G.J. Bailey, F. Djuth, and P. Rodriguez, Measurements of the topside ionosphere over Arecibo during the total solar eclipse of February 26, 1998, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 23,055-23,097, 2000.

140. Bailey, G.J., M.H. Denton, R.A. Heelis, and S. Venkatraman, A modelling study of the latitudinal variations in the nighttime plasma temperatures of the equatorial topside ionosphere during northern winter at solar maximum, Ann. Geophysicae, 18, 1435-1446, 2000.

141. Rodger, A.S., G.D. Wells, R.J. Moffett, and G.J. Bailey, The variability of Joule Heating, and its effects on the ionosphere and thermosphere, Ann. Geophysicae, 19, 773-781, 2001.

142. Denton, M.H., and G.J. Bailey, Modelling the high altitude electron temperature: a modified thermal conductivity, Dyn. Atmos. Oceans, 34, 365-381, 2001.

143. Denton, M.H., G.J. Bailey, C.R. Wilford, A.S. Rodger, and S. Venkatraman, He+ dominance in the plasmasphere during geomagnetically disturbed periods: 1. Observational results, Ann. Geophysicae, 20, 461-470, 2002.

144. Birch, M.J., J.K. Hargreaves, and G.J. Bailey, On the use of an effective ionospheric height in electron content measurements by GPS reception, Radio Science, 37, doi:10.1029/2000RS002601, 2002.

145. de Paula, E.R., J.R. Souza, B.G. Fejer, G.J. Bailey, and R.A. Heelis, Longitudinal ionospheric effects in the South Atlantic evening sector during solar maximum, J. Geophys. Res., 107, doi:10.1029/2001JA000298, 2002.

146. Souza, J.R., G.J. Bailey, M.A. Abdu, and I.S. Batista, Comparisons of low latitude F region peak densities, heights and equatorial ExB drift from IRI with observational data and the Sheffield University Plasmasphere Ionosphere Model, Adv. Space Res., 31, 501-505, 2003.

147. Pi, X., C. Wang, G.A. Hajj, G. Rosen, B.D. Wilson, and G.J. Bailey, Estimation of ExB drift using a global assimilative ionospheric model: An observation system simulation experiment, J. Geophys. Res., 108, doi:10.1029/2001JA009235, 2003.

148. Clilverd, M.A., F.W. Menk, G. Milinevski, B.R. Sandel, J. Goldstein, B.W. Reinisch, C.R. Wilford, M.C. Rose, N.R. Thomson, K.H. Yearby, G.J. Bailey, I.R. Mann, and D.L. Carpenter, In situ and ground-based intercalibration measurements of plasma density at L=2.5, J. Geophys. Res., 108, 1365, doi:10.1029/2003JA009866, 2003.

149. Wilford, C.R., R. J. Moffett, J. M. Rees, G.J. Bailey, and S. A. González, Comparison of the He+ layer observed over Arecibo during solar maximum and solar minimum with CTIP model results, J. Geophys. Res., 108, doi:10.1029/2003JA009940, 2003.

150. Radicella, S.M., B. Nava, P. Coïsson, L. Kersley, and G.J. Bailey, Effects of gradients of the electron density on Earth-space communications, Annals Geophysics supplement to volume 47, 1227-1246, 2004.

151. Kersley, L., and G.J. Bailey, Extreme total electron content along satellite-to-satellite raypaths, Radio Sci., 40, RS4008, doi:10.1029/2004RS003096, 2005.

152. Kersley, L., S.E. Pryse, M.H. Denton, G. Bust, E. Fremouw, J. Secan, N.Jakowski, and G.J. Bailey, Radio tomographic imaging of the northern high-latitude ionosphere on a wide geographic scale, Radio Sci., 40, RS5003, doi:10.1029/2004RS003103, 2005.

153. Lin, C.H., A.D. Richmond, R.A. Heelis, G.J. Bailey, G.Lu, J.Y. Liu, H.C. Yeh, and S.-Y. Su, Theoretical study of the low- and midlatitude ionosphere electron density enhancement during the October 2003 superstorm: Relative importance of the neutral wind and the electric field, J. Geophys. Res., 110, doi:10.1029/2005JA011304, 2005.

154. Balthazor, R.L., and G.J. Bailey, Transonic neutral wind in the thermosphere observed by the DE 2 satellite, J. Geophys. Res., 111, doi:10.1029/2004JA010622, 2006.

155. Batista, I.S., M.A. Abdu, J.R. Souza, F. Bertoni, M.T. Matsuoka, P.O. Camargo, and G.J. Bailey, Unusual early morning development of the equatorial anomaly in the Brazilian sector during the Halloween magnetic storm, J. Geophys. Res., 111, doi:10.1029/2005JA011428, 2006.

156. Pintér, B., S.D. Thom, R. Balthazor, H. Vo, and G.J. Bailey, Modelling subauroral polarization streams equatorward of the plasmapause footprints, J. Geophys. Res., 111, doi:10.1029/2005JA011457, 2006.

157. Thampi, S.V., N. Balan, S. Ravindran, T.K. Pant, C.V. Devasia, P. Sreelatha, R. Sridharan, and G.J. Bailey, An additional layer in the low-latitude ionosphere in Indian longitudes: Total electron content observations and modeling, J. Geophys. Res., 112, doi:10.1029/2006JA011974, 2007.

158. Lekshmi, D.V., N. Balan, V.K. Vaidyan, H. Alleyne, and G.J. Bailey, Response of the ionosphere to super geomagnetic storms: Observations and Modeling, Adv. Space Res., 41, 548-555, 2008.

159. Balan, N., K. Shiokawa, Y. Otsuka, S. Watanabe, and G.J. Bailey, Super plasma fountain and equatorial ionization anomaly during penetration electric field, J. Geophys. Res., 114, doi:10.1029/2008JA013768, 2009.

160. Lin, C.H., A.D. Richmond, J.Y. Liu, G.J. Bailey, and B.W.Reinisch, Theoretical study of new plasma structures in the low-latitude ionosphere during a major magnetic storm, J. Geophys. Res., 114, doi: 10.1029/2008JA013951, 2009.

161. Lin, C.H., A.D. Richmond, G.J. Bailey, J.Y. Liu, Gang Lu, and R.A. Heelis, Neutral wind effect in producing a storm time ionospheric additional layer in the equatorial ionization anomaly region, J. Geophys. Res., 114, doi:10.1029/2009JA014050, 2009.

162. Sreeja, V., N. Balan, Sudha Ravindran, Tarun Kumar Pant, R. Sridharan, and G.J. Bailey, Additional stratifications in the equatorial F region at dawn and dusk during geomagnetic storms: Role of electrodynamics, J. Geophys. Res., 114, doi: 10.1029/2009JA014373, 2009.

163. Souza, J.R., C.G.M. Brum, M.A. Abdu, J.S. Batista, W.D. Asevado Jr, G.J. Bailey, and J.A. Bittencourt, Paramaterized regional ionosphere model and a comparison of its results with experimental data IRI representations, Adv. Space Res., 46, 1032-1038, 2010.

164. Balan, N., K. Shiokawa, Y. Otsuka, T. Kikuchi, D. Vijaya Lekshmi, S. Kawamura, M. Yamamoto, and G.J. Bailey, A physical mechanism of positive ionospheric storms at low latitudes and midlatitudes, J. Geophys. Res., 115, doi: 10.1029/2009JA014515, 2010.

165. Souza,J.R., W.D. Asevedo Jr., P.C.P. dos Santos, A.Petry, G.J.Bailey, I.S. Batista, and M.A. Abdu, Longitudinal variation of the equatorial ionosphere: modeling and experimental results, Adv. Space Res. , doi:10.1016/j.asr.2012.01.023, 2012.

166.Balan, N., Y.Otsuka, M.Nishioka, J.Y. Liu, and G.J. Bailey, Physical mechanisms of the ionospheric storms at equatorial and higher latitudes during the recovery phase of geomagnetic storms, J. Geophys. Res., 118, doi: 10.1002/jgra.50275, 2013.

167. Balan, N., C.Y. Chen, P.K. Rajesh, J.Y. Liu and G.J. Bailey, Modeling and observations of the low latitude ionosphere-plasmasphere system at long deep solar minimum, J. Geophys. Res., 117, doi: 10.1029/2012JA017846, 2012.


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Every effort is made to keep the information on these pages accurate, but this is not a guarantee that it is correct. Pages last modified on 04 December 2013. These pages created and maintained by Professor Graham Bailey.

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